How Does an Air Conditioner Work?

The temperatures are hitting record highs throughout the U.S. and most homes are utilizing some kind of air conditioner to combat the summer heat. While we are all thankful that your air conditioner works, the professionals at Central Air Inc in Portland Metro wants to give you a glimpse at just how an AC system works.

The Basics

There’s plenty of science regarding keeping your house at a comfortable temperature. Your air conditioner functions in a comparable way to your refrigerator, of course your cooling system has a more difficult task to tackle. Both your fridge and AC cool with a reoccurring loop of refrigerant, with your AC this refrigerant loops from inside to outside your home. This refrigerant effortlessly converts from a liquid to gas and back to a liquid again. It flows into your house as a sub-cooled liquid and as it evaporates it absorbs heat from your indoor air and reverts back into vapor. This vapor then transfers back to your outdoor unit where the heat is let go and is then condensed back into a sub-cooled liquid.

Four Components

There are 4 core components to your cooling system: a compressor, an evaporator coil, the condensing coil and an expansion valve.

The evaporator coil is where your refrigerant evaporates from a sub-cooled liquid into a super-heated vapor. This component can be established in the home, in your garage or sometimes in your attic. Warm air moves across the cold evaporator coil and the heat is taken from the air. This cooled air is then transferred throughout the space inside your home.

Your compressor is located in your outdoor condensing unit. The super-heated vapor from your evaporator coil flows into the compressor which surges the pressure of the vapor until it is converted into hot, high pressure vapor. The hot vapor then goes back into the condenser coil where less hot outdoor air moves across the coil, heat is released outdoors and the refrigerant is converted back into a sub-cooled liquid. This sub-cooled liquid is then returned to the indoor evaporator coil via an expansion valve or metering device. The process is then repeated.

That accomplishes your physics lesson for now…your air conditioner functions on an never-ending loop of science. We know that it’s not as crucial to you how it works, but just the fact it’s running. If you’d like to chat about staying cool and comfortable in Portland Metro you can reach us at 503-389-5307. You’ll be able to get through this hot weather thanks to science and the support from our experts.

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